In general, matter is in a state of solid, liquid and gas.A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point, where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. It can effuse through solids like a gas, and dissolve materials like a liquid. In the case of water, it is called as super critical water.By making carbon dioxide, alcohol, water etc into supercritical liquid, utilizing each characteristic, it can be used in a wide range of fields including food, energy, environment and medical care.
In general, the limit of adding high temperature and high pressure to water is 150 ℃ -200 ℃, 10 atm. In this case, the water produced is called as sub-critical water.
In recent years, there are many subcritical water in those sold as "mysterious water" or "Energy water".
Water phase diagram showing the supercritical state
Supercritical Water in nature
The first water at the time of the birth of the earth!?
There is a hypothesis that when the earth came into being, because at high temperature and high pressure, the initial water should be supercritical water. After that, a sea containing all kinds of minerals was formed.
Then, because of the high temperature and high pressure environment caused by the eruption of geothermal and magmatic rocks in the deep sea, the earliest life on earth was born.
This supercritical water can decompose amino acids which are generally not easily decomposed. Because amino acids aggregate to form proteins, the study on whether supercritical water is the origin of life is still in progress.
Is the critical water present in the deep sea!?
Water in the atmosphere boils at 100℃. When the depth is 100m, the boiling point is 180℃, and When the depth is 1000m, the boiling point is 312℃. The critical pressure for water is about 22Mpa,
This is equivalent to the pressure in the ocean of the depth of 2200m. This means that more than half of the earth's water is at a high temperature above critical pressure. Because of the eruption of geothermal and magmatic rocks,
Some of the seafloor put out nearly 400℃ of hot water, so it can be considered that critical water exists in nature.
The world of deep sea may be far beyond our imagination.
The research status of supercritical water
Supercritical water has potential influence not only on the environment but also on all sectors of the industry, and has become the object of research at home and abroad.
In Japan, the production of supercritical water requires a high pressure operation license, so only a few university research rooms or research institutes can engage in research. At present, there is no way to achieve mass production and reach the practical stage.
In addition, previous manufacturing methods of supercritical water require high purity carbon dioxide (CO2) to generate high pressure, which means that it is impossible to make supercritical water suitable for human body.
We developed a mass production method for Ultra Super Critical Water that does not use carbon dioxide (CO2) and does not use organic material, as a patented technology.
Performance of supercritical water
Possible to dissolve any organic matter
Everyone knows that water and oil do not mix as common sense. However, supercritical water can dissolve the organic matter, and it is also possible to dissolve the oil. Because supercritical water can melt metals, oils and minerals that cannot be dissolved with ordinary water, the application is highly expected, especially in the field of emulsion fuel, biotechnology, nanotechnology.
Supercritical hydroxylation reaction
(Burn organic matter under high temperature and high pressure water)
When organic matter is decomposed, carbon dioxide (CO2) is produced.
However, supercritical water can burn organic matter under high temperature(over 374℃) and high pressure (over 22.1Mpa) water. Because organic matter is decomposed in water, the risk of explosion is very low, and harmful gas such as COx, NOx and SOx is not generated, so high safety is drawing attention. Harmful substances such as dioxin and PCB can also be decomposed;studies such as utilization for environmental restoration are progressing.
In addition, since the temperature can be maintained by the heat at the time of combustion, research is progressing also in the energy field.
Principle of steam locomotiveThe steam locomotive evaporates water with coal, turns the piston with the explosive power of water (expansion power), and can move hundreds of ton locomotives. When gasoline or gas explodes, the expansion creates 600 times more power. When water evaporates, expansion produces a force of 1200 times to 1500 times. Steam (water) has a high expansion coefficient; oil has a low expansion rate.
Add fire to the oil and get 3 times (3x600=1800) the power, this is the principle of oil energy.
By applying heat and pressure to water and narrowing injection tip, the water carries enough energy to jump out 1.5 km.
With our patented technology, it has become a reality to produce several tons of Ultra Super Critical Water per day.
Principle of mass production
It is possible to generate Ultra Super critical Water with our own technology.
Require high purity carbon dioxide (CO2) and organic material to generate high pressure and high temperature.
Alfa Water method
Require Vacuum-Heat-Pressure / "Proprietary Technology"
Ultimate pure H2O
There is a kind of water called as “Ultra Pure Water” which removes the mineral to the limit. However, in fact, it is impossible to remove the four elements of minerals (potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium),since water has the property of dissolving heavy metals.
Ultra Super Critical Water is pure H2O water which does not contain oxygen, carbon dioxide, chlorine. It is the world's first water which four elements of mineral are not detected.
*Seawater:Including 98-113 kinds of minerals
*Tap water:Including minerals
*Ultra Pure Water:A very small amount of minerals
*Alfa Water:Almost no mineral
We realized to extract only H2O by removing all minerals contained in water, beyond supercritical field with patented technology.
|Test items||Results||Lower limit of determination||Test method|
|sodium||not detected||0.1mg/L||Atomic absorption spectrophotometry|
|potassium||not detected||0.1mg/L||Atomic absorption spectrophotometry|
|calcium||not detected||0.1mg/L||ICP emission spectrometry|
|magnesium||not detected||0.05mg/L||ICP emission spectrometry|
*By JFRL (Japan Food Research Laboratories)
Three major features of Ultra Super Critical Water
1.Almost no mineral(See Test Result).
2.Adjustable to the optimum pH value with negative ionization.
Alfa Water:5.7 - 5.8
Healthy skin:4.5 - 6.0
It is the result measured for 1 year and a half. The sample Ultra Super Critical Water is filling in a commercial container which specified by our factory.
3.Water molecules are independent and not clustered.
In general water, many water molecules are clustered.
In Alfa Water, water molecules are independent and not clustered
Left:Surface tension is small
Right:Surface tension is big
The surface tension of Alfa Water is small to the limit.
Understanding Alfa Water easily
1.Water does not rot because it does not contain any minerals and bacteria.
2.Since dissolved oxygen is not included, rust does not occur.
3.Due to the extremely fine particles of water, the penetration and extraction power are very high.
4.Melt the waste matter and discharge it out of the body.
5.By unique proprietary technology, particle agglomeration is effectively prevented.
Possibility as additives and preservatives
Ultra Super Critical water does not contain minerals and bacteria, and the molecules are actively moving around, so it has characteristics that it is hard to rot.
Possibility as extraction solvent
Manufacture of herbal medicine extract
Aromatherapy (as an alternative to organic solvent for essential oil extraction)
Environmental improvement field
Catalyst for research
Cleaning of semiconductor substrate
Nano-silver carrier solution
Removal of Various Impurities
Substitute for hypochlorous acid
Healthy food / supplement
Patent List about Ultra Super Critical Water
|Date of registration||Patent number||Title|
|13 AUG 2010||4568792||MANUFACTURING METHOD AND MANUFACTURING APPARATUS OF AQUEOUS RESIN PARTICULATE-MIXED LIQUID|
|18 MAY 2012||4997356||THERMAL BARRIER BUILDING MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF|
|22 FEB 2013||5200310||HEAT SHIELD SHEET MEMBER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF|
|29 NOV 2013||5421643||LIQUID STORAGE CONTAINER AND COATING DEVICE USING THE STORAGE CONTAINER|
|02 OCT 2015||5813259||METHOD FOR IMPROVING DISPERSIBILITY OF AQUEOUS EMULSION AND AQUEOUS EMULSION WITH IMPROVED DISPERSIBILITY|
|08 APR 2016||5913670||METHOD FOR PRODUCING SMALL CLUSTER WATER|
*All of the above patents applied for international patents through PCT.